The Law of Armed Conflict, often known as the Rule of War, gives belligerents the right to fight each other. When an opponent is subjected to unwarranted harm or suffering, this is a war crime. Acts like mistreating civilians or prisoners of war are also considered War and Crime. Crimes against humanity, in contrast to war crimes, do not have to take place during a war and refer to institutionalized behavior rather than individual acts.
Humane treatment of prisoners of war must always be provided. Any illegal behavior by the detaining power that results in death or gravely jeopardizes the health of a prisoner of war under its care is forbidden.